Kooiker health and genetics: new information

Notes from recent research in Kooikerhondje health and genetics and the future of the breed, a conversation with Prof. Mandigers at the Veterinary University Utrecht.
Posted with permission of Susanne Martin, MD, of Golden Gate Kooikers.
Answers questions of interest to breeders and others:

  • Do we need to continue testing¬† for vWD (von Willebrand disease)?
  • In reality very few dogs get sick from ENM (or HNM, Hereditary Necrotizing Myelopathy). Why?
  • Which inflammatory disease of the muscle is becoming more common among kooikerhondjes?
  • What rule of thumb can breeders use to avoid inbreeding?

Read the full report here.